Breast reconstruction is achieved through several plastic surgery techniques that restore the breast shape, appearance and volume after a mastectomy.
Plastic surgery and breast reconstruction are essential parts of the multidisciplinary team that begins with the diagnosis of breast cancer and with the participation from general surgeons, gynaecologists, radiologists, oncologists and therapists, among others.
Therefore breast reconstruction is another step and often the last stage of recovery from breast cancer.
The reconstruction can be immediate or deferred. Only about 20% of women who undergo mastectomy are candidates for immediate reconstruction. In patients in whom radiotherapy is questionable, expander can be placed to keep the breast pocket.